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Minggu, 15 Mei 2011

Candi Borobudur

Borobudur is the name of a Buddhist temple located at Borobudur, Magelang, Central Java. The location of this temple is located in the hills above the village of Borobudur, Mungkid, Magelang or 42 km north of the city of Yogyakarta. Surrounded Hill Manoreh stretching from east to west. While on the east side there is Mount Merapi and Merbau, and to the west there is Gunumg Sindoro and Sumbing .. This temple was founded by the followers of Mahayana Buddhism around the year 800 AD during the reign of the dynasty dynasty.

Stupa Candi Borobudur
History records Borobudur is the largest temple ever built for the veneration of the Buddha. The building reached 14.000m square with a height of up to 35.29 m. An inscription Cri Kahuluan derived from IX century (824 AD) who researched by Prof Dr JG Casparis, Wangsa uncover genealogical three successive dynasty that ruled in those days, the King Indra, the son Samaratungga. Later, his daughter called Samaratungga Pramodawardhani.
At the beginning of this Samaratungga King built a temple named: Bhumisan-Bharabudhara, presumably meaning the barrow, hill or building levels which is identified with the designation kamulan Bhumisambharabudhara monasteries, which have a meaning an ancestral temple and the dynasty dynasty in the hills.

Structure Candi Borobudur
Borobudur has the basic structure punden terraces, with a six-yard square, three round circular courtyard and a main stupa as a peak. Also scattered in all pelatarannya several stupas. Ten yard owned Borobudur illustrates clearly the Mahayana school of philosophy. Like a book, Borobudur described ten levels of Bodhisattva who must pass to reach the perfection of the Buddha.
It takes no less than 2 million stone blocks andesite or equal to 50.000m Borobudur temple square to build this. Overall weight of the temple to reach 3.5 million tons. Like most buildings of the temple, Bororbudur has 3 parts of the building, namely the legs, body and top. Foot building called Kamadhatu, which tells the story of consciousness filled with lust and animalistic traits. Then Ruphadatu, which means a level of human consciousness are still bound by lust, materials and shapes. While no longer bound Aruphadatu passions, materials and shapes depicted in the form of an empty main stupa. This can only be achieved with the desire and emptiness.

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